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I. Dobraszklanka Kufeld

Holocaust survivor from the Buchenwald concentration camp, researches the Jewish WWII history in Golub-Dobrzyn, the Pomerania region, Poland

I am a Holocaust survivor liberated from Buchenwald the 11 April, 1945. My K.L. number was 23730 and I was in the Children's Block 66.

I was born in Dobrzyn (currently called Golub-Dobrzyn) on the Drweca, Poland. My family name was Dobraszklanka. My father's name was Moshe Dobraszklanka and my mother's maiden name Basia Kufeld [(some photos)].

I am the only survivor of the Dobraszklanka family. On the Kufeld side there is one member that survived in Russia (my cousin) and lived in France. Another one of my cousins Henryk Kufeld survived the Holocaust and lived in Israel. Both have now passed on and I remain the only witness now that has been left with the duty of recording the horrible atrocities committed in our little town so early in the war. I write this on the victim's behalf. For it is their voices only that could reveal with full clarity the insight of the final march into the gas chamber and the total blindness of human beings confronted with an entirely new and terrible horryfiying reality. I only just somehow survived the terrible extreme barbarization.

I was a witness to massacres that happened in Dobrzyn from Rosh Hashana (14 September 1939) to the 11 November 1939 when we were finally forcefully expelled from our town. I have learned about many more hideous crimes in the region all committed by the invading German forces in about the same time.

In all the histories of the Holocaust there is very little written about all the atrocities committed so early in the war in this particular area and I strongly feel that I have to record the cruel events that happened.

On the 14th of September 1939 about 270 Jews were taken out of the prayer houses in our little town and forcefully transported to Bydgoszcz (Bromberg) tortured and executed a few day's later in groups of 40-50 in Fordon outside the city of Bydgoszcz and some were executed in Tryszczyn also not far from Bydgoszcz. They are all buried in mass-graves and amongst them was my oldest brother (Kalman) at that time 15 years of age. [see Bloody Sunday (1939).]

Whilst there were continuos brutalities committed by the Germans on a daily basis the next evil crime was committed on the 9th of November. Two days before this date a monetary contribution was extracted from the remaining Jewish population and an order given that 35 prominent families of the town have to report for resettlement to the eastern part of Poland. Amongst them were my Grandparents and one of my unmarried uncles, which accompanied them. They reported to the place of assembly and were taken away never to be seen again. I have not been able to determine the place of actual execution as there were so many people taken and shot in the forests around the area.

After our expulsion from Dobrzyn on the 11th of November we lived in the Plock Ghetto unitl 1941 when Jews were again forcefully evacuated to Dzialdowo (Soldau). The beatings and brutality experienced on arrival in Dzialdowo, the stripping of the little bit of money and valuables that we still had in our possession and the violence that took place whilst boarding the trains for the next destination. In all we were there only a few days.

Chmielnik was the next Ghetto for my family. I was working illegally on a farm outside the Ghetto on the day that my Parents, my sister (Jadzia) and youngest brother (Simon) were taken to Treblinka (an unknown destination at that time). I was supposed to be with them on that day but could not join them due to the heavy encirclement of the Ghetto.

Realising that I had nobody left in Chmielnik I turned back to the farmer and not being allowed to stay there any longer moved on to Stopnica, the next little town. From there the Germans took me to the Kielce Hasag via Chmielnik. From there I was shifted with a group to Skarzysko-Kamienna to change a school building into a hospital for German wounded soldiers.

As the eastern front was moving closer we were transported to Czestochowa to dig anti-tank ditches and from there to Buchenwald. We were transported in open railway cattle carriages arriving in Buchenwald the 24 December 1944 and placed into the Children's Block 66.

Searching through archives in Poland I have found some birth and marriage certificates of my immediate family and some documents related to the horrors, cruelties and the mass-graves where the horrendous acts of mass murder were committed by the Germans. Some of the birth certificates go back to before WWI and are written in Russian. Later documents are written in German and Polish.

I would like to contact people that come from that area with information on Golub Dobrzyn and Holocaust researchers interested in the Pomerania region. If any survivor that has been through the places I've mentioned and reads this page, please drop me a line.

If you wish to send an e-mail now please click here mail to fdobia@internex.net.au

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last updated October 25, 2010 ESH.